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Comput Med Imaging Graph. 2002 Mar-Apr;26(2):59-64.

Diffusion MRI in neurofibromatosis type 1: ADC evaluations of the optic pathways, and a comparison with normal individuals.

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Department of Radiology, Ege University Hospital, Bornova, 35100, Izmir, Turkey.


In a control group of 12 normal children (ages ranging from 9 months to 3 years; mean=1.6 years) the mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value of the normal white matter, obtained from automatically generated ADC maps, was 0.84 +/- 0.14 x 10(-3)mm(2)/s. A patient with neurofibromatosis type 1 with bilateral optic gliomas, and extensive optic pathway involvement was evaluated by diffusion MRI. Multiple measurements of ADC values throughout the involved optic radiations revealed a higher mean value: 1.16 +/- 0.06 x 10(-3)mm(2)/s than that of the normal white matter, suggesting relatively high molecular motion in these regions, probably representing myelin vacuolization. ADC evaluation of a thalamic hamartoma revealed a lower value (=1.06 x 10(-3)mm(2)/s) than this. The mean ADC value obtained from multiple measurements of the enlarged optic chiasm, and intraorbital portions of the nerve was similar (=0.81+/- 0.09 x 10(-3)mm(2)/s) to that of the normal cerebral white matter of the control cases. It appears that diffusion imaging can be useful in evaluation of optic pathway involvement in NF1, and might contribute to differentiating optic gliomas from hamartomas, and myelin vacuolization, however, further studies will be required for assessing the role of diffusion imaging in such lesions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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