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Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2001 Sep;79(3-4):337-43.

Adhesive interactions between voice prosthetic yeast and bacteria on silicone rubber in the absence and presence of saliva.

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Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.


Biofilms on silicone rubber voice prostheses are the major cause for frequent failure and replacement of these devices. The presence of both bacterial strains and yeast has been suggested to be crucial for the development of voice prosthetic biofilms. Adhesive interactions between Candida albicans, Candida krusei, and Candida tropicalis with 14 bacterial strains, all isolated from explanted voice prostheses were investigated in a parallel plate flow chamber. Bacteria were first allowed to adhere to silicone rubber, after which the flow chamber was perfused with yeast, suspended either in saliva or buffer. Generally, when yeast were adhering from buffer and saliva, the presence of adhering bacteria suppressed adhesion of yeast. In saliva, Rothia dentocariosa and Staphylococcus aureus enhanced adhesion of yeast, especially of C. albicans. This study shows that bacterial adhesion mostly reduces subsequent adhesion of yeast, while only a few bacterial strains stimulate adhesion of yeast, provided salivary adhesion mediators are present. Interestingly, different clinical studies have identified R. dentocariosa and S. aureus in biofilms on explanted prostheses of patients needing most frequent replacement, while C. albicans is one of the yeast generally held responsible for silicone rubber deterioration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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