Send to

Choose Destination
Gene. 2002 Jan 9;282(1-2):43-52.

cDNA cloning, DNA binding, and evolution of mammalian transcription factor IIIA.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.


cDNA for rat transcription factor IIIA (TFIIIA) was cloned by degenerate PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends. This cDNA coded for a protein with nine Cys(2)His(2) zinc fingers and a non-finger C-terminal tail; 63% amino acid (aa) sequence identity was observed with the Xenopus TFIIIA zinc finger region. Recombinant rat protein containing only the nine fingers afforded DNase I protection of the identical nucleotides protected by Xenopus laevis native TFIIIA on the Xenopus 5S RNA gene internal control region. A putative mouse TFIIIA clone was identified in an expressed sequence tag database by sequence similarity to rat TFIIIA. Recombinant nine-finger protein from this clone afforded DNase I protection of the Xenopus 5S rRNA gene like the native frog protein as did a recombinant nine-finger form of a putative human TFIIIA clone. These DNA binding results demonstrate that these clones code for the respective mammalian TFIIIAs. Rodent and human TFIIIAs share about 87% aa sequence identity in their zinc finger regions and have evolved to about the same extent as X. laevis and Xenopus borealis TFIIIAs. A monoclonal antibody against human p53 tumor suppressor bound to rat and mouse TFIIIA but not to human TFIIIA in Western blots. The N-terminal regions of rodent and human TFIIIA do not contain the oocyte-specific initiating Met and accompanying conserved residues found in fish and amphibian TFIIIAs. In their non-finger C-terminal tails, mammalian and amphibian TFIIIAs share a conserved transcription activation domain as well as conserved nuclear localization and nuclear export signals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center