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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2002 Jan 10;206(2):185-9.

Identification and molecular characterisation of CmeB, a Campylobacter jejuni multidrug efflux pump.

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1
Antimicrobial Agents Research Group, Division of Immunity and Infection, The Medical School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.

Abstract

A multidrug efflux pump gene (cmeB) was identified from the published Campylobacter jejuni genome sequence. Secondary structural analysis showed that the gene encoded a protein belonging to the resistance nodulation cell division (RND) family of efflux transporters. The gene was inactivated by insertional mutagenesis. Compared with the wild-type strain (NCTC 11168), the resultant knockout strain (NCTC 11168-cmeB::kan(r)) displayed increased susceptibility to a range of antibiotics including beta-lactams, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, chloramphenicol, tetracycline, ethidium bromide, the dye acridine orange and the detergent sodium dodecyl sulfate. Accumulation of ciprofloxacin was increased in the knockout mutant, but carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone, a proton motive force inhibitor, had less effect upon ciprofloxacin accumulation in the knockout mutant compared with NCTC 11168. These data show that the identified gene encodes an RND-type multi-substrate efflux transporter, which contributes to intrinsic resistance to a range of structurally unrelated compounds in C. jejuni. This efflux pump has been named CmeB (for Campylobacter multidrug efflux).

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