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Prostate. 2002 Feb 15;50(3):154-61.

Down-regulation of human X-box binding protein 1 (hXBP-1) expression correlates with tumor progression in human prostate cancers.

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  • 1First Department of Pathology, Nagoya City University Medical School, Mizuho-Cho, Mizuho-Ku, Nagoya, Japan.



In our previous study, the gene encoding the human X-box binding protein 1 (hXBP-1) was isolated as a down-regulated gene in advanced prostate cancers using cDNA-representational difference analysis (RDA). In the present investigation, we characterized alterations of hXBP-1 in prostate cancer specimens.


Expression patterns of hXBP-1 in a series of human prostate cancers were examined by Northern blotting, mRNA in situ hybridization or immunohistochemistry. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) analysis using microsatellite markers and gene mutation analysis in the hXBP-1 region were also performed.


Expression of hXBP-1 was localized in epithelial and adenocarcinoma cells of the prostate. An inverse correlation between hXBP-1 expression and histological differentiation was found in a series of prostate cancers without hormonal therapy. Majority of refractory cancer cases exhibited weak hXBP-1 expression. No allelic loss or gene mutations were found in the hXBP-1 region and its open reading frame, respectively, in the prostate cancer examined.


These results suggest that reduction of hXBP-1 expression may be a useful marker for prostate adenocarcinoma differentiation and progression.

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