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Semin Laparosc Surg. 2001 Dec;8(4):281-6.

Laparoscopic reoperation after failed antireflux surgery.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.



Laparoscopic surgery for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease has been established as being safe, effective, and the best alternative to continuous life-long medical therapy. Antireflux surgery is not, however, devoid of complications and failures. Treatment of these patients represents a major challenge, especially when reoperation is indicated.


One-hundred consecutive patients had a reoperation in our clinic. Previous antireflux procedures were laparoscopic (52 patients), laparotomy (39 patients), and thoracotomy (9 patients).


Peri- or postoperative complications occurred in 30 patients (30%). Operative complications were stomach perforation (14), significant bleeding (6), esophageal mucosal perforation (4), gastrocutaneous fistula (2), small bowel enterotomy followed by fistula (1), and tension pneumothorax (1). Reoperation was required in only 2 patients because of a missed stomach perforation or persistent chest leak. The conversion rate (from laparoscopic to open procedure) was 17% overall.


Laparoscopic reoperation after a failed antireflux procedure is a major surgical challenge, and it is not devoid of morbidity. The surgeon must have extensive experience in laparoscopic surgery and should be able to perform reoperative open surgery through the abdomen and chest. Laparoscopic redo surgery is feasible with good results. Many patients in whom previous open surgery has failed enjoy the advantages of a laparoscopic redo procedure.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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