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Cell Signal. 2002 Mar;14(3):199-204.

Lipopolysaccharide-induced release of arachidonic acid and prostaglandins in liver macrophages: regulation by Group IV cytosolic phospholipase A2, but not by Group V and Group IIA secretory phospholipase A2.

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Institute of Physiological Chemistry, Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University Dresden, Fetscherstrasse 74, D-01307, Dresden, Germany.


Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces a delayed release (lag phase of 2-4 h) of arachidonic acid (AA) and prostaglandin (PG) D2 in rat liver macrophages. Group IV cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) becomes phosphorylated within minutes after the addition of LPS. The phosphorylated form of cPLA2 shows an enhanced in vitro activity. The Ca2+ dependence of cPLA2 activity is not affected by phosphorylation of the enzyme. In addition, LPS induces an enhanced expression of cPLA2 mRNA (after 2-4 h) and an enhanced expression of cPLA2 protein (after 8 h). The cellular cPLA2 activity is enhanced about twofold 24 h after LPS treatment. Liver macrophages constitutively express mRNAs encoding Groups V and IIA secretory PLA2 (sPLA2). LPS has no effect on the levels of Groups V and IIA sPLA2 mRNA expression. Despite mRNA expression, Groups V and IIA sPLA2 protein and sPLA2 activity are not detectable in unstimulated or LPS-stimulated liver macrophages. Collectively, these and earlier [Mediators Inflammation 8 (1999) 295.] results suggest that in liver macrophages the LPS-induced delayed release of AA and prostanoids is mediated by phosphorylation and an enhanced expression of cPLA2, a de novo expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2, but not by the actions of Group V or Group IIA sPLA2.

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