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Toxicol In Vitro. 2002 Feb;16(1):23-31.

Characterization of distinct apoptotic changes induced by okadaic acid and yessotoxin in the BE(2)-M17 neuroblastoma cell line.

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ANFACO-CECOPESCA, Campus Universitario de Vigo, 36310 Vigo, Spain.


Apoptotic changes induced by okadaic acid and yessotoxin in BE(2)-M17 neuroblastoma cells have been evaluated and quantified by combining classical methods and fast and sensitive fluorimetric microplate assays. The phosphatase inhibitor okadaic acid induced rapid time- and dose-dependent apoptotic changes in this cell line, which were evident after 1h at concentrations equal or higher than 500 nM. Decreased mitochondrial membrane potential by okadaic acid (IC(50)=350 nM at 1h) was followed by cell detachment (IC(50)=400 nM at 1h), changes in total nucleic acids content (50% of controls after 1h with 1000 nM okadaic acid), caspase-3 activation (3- to 4-fold increase at 6h) and increased Annexin-V binding (1.5-fold at 6h). Yessotoxin induced similar changes in BE(2)-M17 cells, although significant differences were found in the time-course and degree of apoptotic events induced by this phycotoxin, indicating a lower potency for yessotoxin when compared with okadaic acid. This is the first report on apoptogenic activity of yessotoxin.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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