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Med Electron Microsc. 2000;33(3):115-22.

Glomerular structural changes and structural-functional relationships at early stage of diabetic nephropathy in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients.

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1
Department of Endocrine and Metabolism, Internal Medicine, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 228-8555, Japan. moriy@kitasato-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Details of renal structural changes and structural-functional relationships at the early stage of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in type 2 diabetes are not well known. The present review focuses on these topics from previous studies using light and electron microscopic morphometric analysis. Glomerular hypertrophy, one of the histological changes in DN, is present in type 2 as well as in type 1 diabetic patients. However, mechanisms of increased glomerular size might be different from those in type 1 diabetes. Other typical glomerular changes, glomerular basement membrane thickening and mesangial expansion, are present in normoalbuminuric type 2 diabetic patients as a group. However, these parameters are similar between normo- and microalbuminuric patients. Renal structural-functional relationships cannot be seen in type 2 diabetic patients and therefore urinary albumin might not be a reliable indicator for glomerular structural changes in type 2 diabetic patients. Although previous reports showed reversibility of advanced diabetic glomerulosclerosis in type 1 diabetes by 10 years of strict glycemic control, there is no report regarding histological reversibility by therapeutic interventions in type 2 diabetic patients. In addition, it is unclear whether DN lesions are concordant or discordant with diabetic retinopathy grade in type 2 diabetes. From this information, renal structural changes or structural-functional relationships in type 2 diabetic patients might be heterogeneous and different from those in type 1 diabetic patients. Careful longitudinal study of renal structure and function including serial renal biopsy at the early stage of DN in type 2 diabetes is necessary.

PMID:
11810468
DOI:
10.1007/s007950000010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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