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Transplantation. 2002 Jan 15;73(1 Suppl):S27-30.

Dendritic cells transduced with viral interleukin 10 or Fas ligand: no evidence for induction of allotolerance in vivo.

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2 Laboratory of Physiology, Medical School of Vrije Universiteit Brussel.


Dendritic cells (DC) are the most potent presenters of alloantigens and therefore are responsible for the induction of allograft rejection. Genetic modifications of DC allowing the expression of a tolerogenic molecule may render them immunosuppressive. We transduced bone marrow-derived DC with recombinant MFG retrovirus encoding either viral interleukin (vIL)-10 or Fas ligand (FasL) to induce transplantation tolerance. Up to 10 ng/ml of bioactive vIL-10 was produced by DC after transfer of the corresponding gene. Although the inhibitory properties of vIL-10-transduced DC were revealed in vitro in a mixed lymphocyte culture, no clear down-regulation of the allogeneic response was observed in vivo after single or multiple injections of those DC overexpressing vIL-10. When we transduced wild-type bone marrow-derived DC with recombinant MFG retrovirus encoding murine FasL, cells quickly died, probably because of suicidal or fratricidal Fas-dependent death. Indeed, only DC from Fas-deficient lpr mice survived to FasL gene transfer. Those FasL-transduced lpr DC exhibited a strong cytotoxic activity against Fas-positive targets in vitro. DC overexpressing FasL did not behave as immunosuppressive DC in vivo. The subcutaneous injection of FasL+ lpr DC in MHC class II-disparate mice hyperactivated the allospecific proliferation of T cells in the draining lymph nodes compared with mice treated with control-transduced DC. These results argue against the development of FasL+ DC or vIL-10-secreting DC as immunosuppressive tools in vivo. The alternative pathways of T-cell activation triggered by these genetically modified DC need to be investigated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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