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Mol Biol Cell. 2002 Jan;13(1):302-16.

Diacylglycerol kinase delta suppresses ER-to-Golgi traffic via its SAM and PH domains.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo 060-8556, Japan.


We report here that the anterograde transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi was markedly suppressed by diacylglycerol kinase delta (DGKdelta) that uniquely possesses a pleckstrin homology (PH) and a sterile alpha motif (SAM) domain. A low-level expression of DGKdelta in NIH3T3 cells caused redistribution into the ER of the marker proteins of the Golgi membranes and the vesicular-tubular clusters (VTCs). In this case DGKdelta delayed the ER-to-Golgi traffic of vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein (VSV G) and also the reassembly of the Golgi apparatus after brefeldin A (BFA) treatment and washout. DGKdelta was demonstrated to associate with the ER through its C-terminal SAM domain acting as an ER-targeting motif. Both of the SAM domain and the N-terminal PH domain of DGKdelta were needed to exert its effects on ER-to-Golgi traffic. Kinase-dead mutants of DGKdelta were also effective as the wild-type enzyme, suggesting that the catalytic activity of DGK was not involved in the present observation. Remarkably, the expression of DGKdelta abrogated formation of COPII-coated structures labeled with Sec13p without affecting COPI structures. These findings indicate that DGKdelta negatively regulates ER-to-Golgi traffic by selectively inhibiting the formation of ER export sites without significantly affecting retrograde transport.

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