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Chemosphere. 2002 Jan;46(1):49-57.

Treatment system for solid matrix contaminated with fluoranthene. II--Recirculating photodegradation technique.

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  • 1Atmospheric Environmental Protection Department, National Institute for Resources and Environment, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


A laboratory-scale solar reactor and photodegradation technique were developed to enhance the degradation process of fluoranthene. Fluoranthene was used in this study to represent toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) that are persistent in the environment. The extracted fluoranthene from soil in organic solvent (EFOS) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were pumped from a 100 ml vessel into a solar glass cell coated with titanium dioxide (TiO2) at 80 microl min(-1). This work compares the efficiency of the developed photocatalytic degradation technique with the conventional batch process. The degradation efficiency of the developed technique was assessed at different initial concentrations of fluoranthene and percentages of H2O2 in the extract using different flow rates. Preliminary results indicated that the developed technique degraded 99% of fluoranthene from EFOS in the presence of H2O2 and 83% without H2O2. There was no significant difference between fluoranthene degradation rates by the developed technique and the batch method. The developed technique however, treated double the volume of solution that was treated by the batch reactor method which was time consuming and required continuous attention.

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