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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Feb;300(2):478-86.

Preclinical pharmacology of fiduxosin, a novel alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist with uroselective properties.

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Neurological and Urological Diseases Research, Pharmaceutical Products Division, Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois 60064-6125, USA.


Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), common in aging males, is often treated with alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists. To minimize hypotensive and other side effects, compounds with selective antagonist activity at alpha(1A)- and alpha(1D)- (compared with alpha(1B)-) adrenoceptors were evaluated that would block lower urinary tract alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in preference to cardiovascular alpha(1B)-adrenoceptors. Fiduxosin (3-[4-((3aR,9bR)-cis-9-methoxy-1,2,3,3a,4,9b-hexahydro-[1]-benzopyrano[3,4-c]pyrrol-2-yl)butyl]-8-phenyl-pyrazino[2',3':4,5] thieno-[3,2-d]pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione; ABT-980) was tested in radioligand binding assays, isolated tissue bioassays, intraurethral pressure (IUP) tests in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs, and blood pressure analyses in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Fiduxosin had higher affinity for cloned human alpha(1a)- (0.16 nM) and alpha(1d)-adrenoceptors (0.92 nM) in radioligand binding studies compared with alpha(1b)-adrenoceptors (25 nM) or in isolated tissue bioassays [pA(2) values of 8.5-9.6 for alpha(1A)-receptors in rat vas deferens or canine prostate strips, 8.9 at alpha(1D)-adrenoceptors (rat aorta), compared with 7.1 at alpha(1B)-adrenoceptors (rat spleen)]. Furthermore, the compound antagonized putative alpha(1L)-adrenoceptors in the rabbit urethra (pA(2) value of 7.58). Fiduxosin blocked epinephrine-induced increases in canine IUP (pseudo-pA(2) value of 8.12), eliciting only transient decreases in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) in SHR. The area under the curve (AUC(0-->60) min) for the hypotensive response was dose related with a log index value for fiduxosin of 5.23, indicating a selectivity of 770-fold comparing IUP to MAP effects. Preferential antagonism of alpha(1A)- and alpha(1D)- versus alpha(1B)-adrenoceptors in vitro, blockade of putative alpha(1L)-sites in vitro, and selective effects on lower urinary tract function versus blood pressure in vivo by fiduxosin suggest the potential utility of this compound for the treatment of BPH.

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