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Mol Cell. 2002 Jan;9(1):163-73.

LTRPC2 Ca2+-permeable channel activated by changes in redox status confers susceptibility to cell death.

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Center for Integrative Bioscience, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies, 444-8585, Okazaki, Japan.


Redox status changes exert critical impacts on necrotic/apoptotic and normal cellular processes. We report here a widely expressed Ca2+-permeable cation channel, LTRPC2, activated by micromolar levels of H2O2 and agents that produce reactive oxygen/nitrogen species. This sensitivity of LTRPC2 to redox state modifiers was attributable to an agonistic binding of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (beta-NAD+) to the MutT motif. Arachidonic acid and Ca2+ were important positive regulators for LTRPC2. Heterologous LTRPC2 expression conferred susceptibility to death on HEK cells. Antisense oligonucleotide experiments revealed physiological involvement of "native" LTRPC2 in H2O2- and TNFalpha-induced Ca2+ influx and cell death. Thus, LTRPC2 represents an important intrinsic mechanism that mediates Ca2+ and Na+ overload in response to disturbance of redox state in cell death.

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