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Am J Orthopsychiatry. 1975 Jul;45(4):549-563. doi: 10.1111/j.1939-0025.1975.tb01185.x.

Optimal stimulation as theoretical basis of hyperactivity.

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1
Department of Special Education.

Abstract

Current theory and practice in the clinical and educational management of hyperactive children recommend reduction of environmental stimulation, assuming hyperactive and distractable behaviors to be due to overstimulation. This paper reviews research suggesting that hyperactive behavior may result from a homeostatic mechanism that functions to increase stimulation for a child experienceing insufficient sensory stimulation. It is suggested that the effectiveness of drug and behavior therapies, as well as evidence from the field of sensory deprivation, further support the theory of a homeostatic mechanism that attempts to optimize sensory input.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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