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Int J Cancer. 2002 Feb 1;97(4):508-11.

Significance of transforming growth factor beta1 as a new tumor marker for colorectal cancer.

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1
Department of Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) is thought to be involved in cancer growth and progression. TGF-beta1 changes to its active form after being secreted in its latent form. Our aim was to clarify the significance of plasma concentrations of active and total TGF-beta1 of patients with colorectal cancer. Plasma concentrations of active and total TGF-beta1 in 45 patients with colorectal cancer and 23 healthy volunteers were measured using ELISA and the activation rate (ratio of active to total TGF-beta1) was determined. Plasma concentrations of active TGF-beta1 (21.9 +/- 12.8 pg/ml) were significantly higher in patients with colorectal cancer than in healthy volunteers (9.9 +/- 5.9 pg/ml; p < 0.001, Welch's t-test). Concentration of total TGF-beta1 was also significantly higher for patients with colorectal cancer (18.0 +/- 13.0 ng/ml vs. 11.1 +/- 6.4 ng/ml; p < 0.01, Welch's t-test). However, there was no significant difference in the TGF-beta1 activation rate between the 2 groups. There was a correlation between Dukes' stage and plasma concentration of active or total TGF-beta1 (p < 0.01, Spearman's rank correlation test) and on day 7 the active TGF-beta1 levels for patients recovering from curative resection were similar to those of the control group of healthy volunteers. These results suggest that active TGF-beta1 might be used as a tumor marker for colorectal cancer.

PMID:
11802214
DOI:
10.1002/ijc.1631
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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