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Laryngoscope. 2001 Nov;111(11 Pt 1):1989-92.

Value of fine-needle aspiration cytology of parotid gland masses.

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1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Berne, Inselspital, Berne, Switzerland. peter.zbaeren@insel.ch

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the usefulness and accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of parotid gland masses.

STUDY DESIGN:

Retrospective chart review of patients undergoing FNAC.

METHODS:

Between January 1990 and December 1998, 410 parotid glands were resected at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery at the University of Berne, Inselpital (Berne, Switzerland). Included in the study were 228 cases with preoperative FNAC. In a retrospective study the results of FNAC were analyzed and compared with the corresponding histopathological diagnosis.

RESULTS:

Histological evaluation revealed 65 malignant tumors and 163 benign lesions (150 neoplasms and 13 nonneoplastic lesions). The cytological findings were nondiagnostic in 13 (5.7%), true-negative in 146 (64%), true-positive in 39 (17%), false-negative in 22 (9.8%) and false-positive in 8 (4.5%) cases in detecting malignant tumors. Nineteen of 39 (49%) malignant tumors (true-positive) and 123 of 146 (84%) benign lesions (true-negative) were classified accurately. The accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity were 86%, 64%, and 95% respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fine-needle aspiration cytology is a valuable adjunct to preoperative assessment of parotid masses. Preoperative recognition of malignant tumors may help prepare both the surgeon and patient for an appropriate surgical procedure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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