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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jan 25;290(3):979-83.

Deimination of arginine residues in nucleophosmin/B23 and histones in HL-60 granulocytes.

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Graduate School of Integrated Science, Yokohama City University, 22-2, Seto, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, 236-0027, Japan.


Peptidylarginine deiminases (PADs) convert arginine residues in proteins into citrulline residues Ca(2+)-dependently. PAD V was recently found in granulocyte-differentiated HL-60 cells. To find a target of PAD V, we incubated HL-60 granulocytes with the calcium ionophore A23187 and studied deiminated proteins by immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting using a monospecific antibody to modified citrulline residues. Immunocytochemical signals were found in the nucleus upon incubation with A23187. Immunoblotting indicated that 40-, 18-, 17-, and 14-kDa proteins were preferentially deiminated. The 40-kDa protein, which was focused to pI 5.0 on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, was identified as nucleophosmin/B23 by mass spectrometry. The 18-, 17-, and 14-kDa proteins extracted with 0.4 N H(2)SO(4) comigrated with histones H3, H2A, and H4, respectively, on two-dimensional gel electrophoresis specialized for histones. The citrulline content of histones amounted to about 10% of the histone molecules. We discuss the implications of deimination of these proteins for their nuclear functions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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