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Life Sci. 2001 Dec 14;70(4):367-79.

Diabetic alterations in cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase and phospholamban protein expression.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Songpa-ku, Seoul, Korea.


Diabetic cardiomyopathy has been suggested to be caused by abnormal intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis in the myocardium, which is partly due to a defect in calcium transport by the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In the present study, the underlying mechanism for this functional derangement was investigated with respect to SR Ca2+-ATPase and phospholamban (the inhibitor of SR Ca2+-ATPase). The maximal Ca2+ uptake and the affinity of Ca2+-ATPase for Ca2+ were decreased, and exogenous phosphorylation level of phospholamban was higher in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat SR. Levels of both mRNA and protein of phospholamban were significantly increased in the diabetic hearts, whereas those of SR Ca2+-ATPase were significantly decreased. Consequently, the relative phospholamban/Ca2+-ATPase ratio was 1.88 in the diabetic hearts, and these changes were correlated with changes in the rates of SR Ca2+ uptake. However, phosphatase pretreatment of phospholamban for dephosphorylation of the sites phosphorylated in vivo did not change the levels of subsequent phospholamban phosphorylation in either control or diabetic rat hearts. The above data indicated that the increased phospholamban phosphorylation was not due to autonomic dysfunction but possibly due to increased phospholamban expression. These findings suggest that reduction of the SR Ca2+-ATPase level would contribute to decreased rates of SR Ca2+ uptake and that this function is further impaired by the enhanced inhibition by phospholamban due to its increased expression in the diabetic heart.

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