Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Neurochem. 2002 Jan;80(1):36-44.

Na(+)/H(+) exchange subtype 1 inhibition during extracellular acidification and hypoxia in glioma cells.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.

Abstract

Lactacidosis is a common feature of ischaemic brain tissue, but its role in ischaemic neuropathology is still not fully understood. Na(+)/H(+) exchange, a mechanism involved in the regulation of intracellular pH (pH(i)), is activated by low pH(i). The role of Na(+)/H(+) exchange subtype 1 was investigated during extracellular acidification and subsequent pH recovery in the absence and presence of (4-isopropyl-3-methylsulphonyl-benzoyl)-guanidine methanesulfonate (HOE642, Cariporid), a new selective and powerful inhibitor of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger subtype 1 (NHE-1). It was compared for normoxia and hypoxia in two glioma cell lines (C6 and F98). pH(i) was monitored by fluorescence spectroscopy using the intracellularly trapped pH-sensitive dye 2',7'-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (BCECF). Alterations in glial cell metabolism were characterized using high-resolution (1)H, (13)C and (31)P NMR spectroscopy of perchloric acid extracts. NHE-1 contributed to glial pH regulation, especially at pathologically low pH(i) values. NHE-1 inhibition with HOE642 during acidification caused exacerbated metabolic disorders which were prolonged during extracellular pH recovery. However, NHE-1 inhibition during hypoxia protected the energy state of glial cells.

PMID:
11796741
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center