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Chest. 2002 Jan;121(1):284-6.

Management of tension pneumatocele with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation.

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Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.


We report the successful application of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation in a patient with tension pneumatocele (TP). The proposed check-valve mechanism for the development of pneumatoceles predicts that positive-pressure ventilation could lead to distension of these airspaces and formation of TPs. Therefore, high-frequency ventilation could be more applicable in conditions, such as massive air leak due to bronchopleural fistula, that are difficult to manage by conventional ventilator modes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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