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Tech Coloproctol. 2001 Apr;5(1):23-5.

Is splenic lobe/segment dearterialization feasible for inferior pole trauma during left hemicolectomy?

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  • 1KBC Dr Dragisa Misovic University Hospital, H. Milana Tepica 1, 11000 Belgrade, Yugoslavia.


We discuss splenic salvage by lobe/segment dearterialization, without resection, after intraoperative trauma, and present two cases. We performed a retrospective analysis of 163 patients in whom the colon splenic flexure was mobilized. Patients with ileo-rectal anastomosis or urgent cases were excluded. Surgical operations included left hemicolectomy and anterior resection of the rectum. Splenic procedures were splenorrhaphy, dearterialization and splenectomy. Spleen lesions occurred in 4 (2.45%) cases. One capsular tear was managed with splenorrhaphy. Three mechanical lesions to capsula and tissue of the inferior pole were managed by either splenectomy (the first case) or dearterialization. Overall mortality in the series was 4.3%. Among the patients with splenic procedures, the splenectomized patient died due to pulmonary embolism. The two cases treated by inferior splenic branch and inferior polar artery ligature are presented. In operative trauma to the inferior splenic pole, bleeding can be controlled by lobe/segment dearterialization and by methods of local hemostasis in most cases.

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