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Neurochem Int. 2002 Apr;40(4):301-6.

Substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide increase IL-1 beta, IL-6 and TNF alpha secretion from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.

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Section of Pharmacology, Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas y Centro de Cirugía Experimental, Facultad de Medicina, University of Zulia, Apartado Postal 1151, Maracaibo 4001-A, Venezuela.


We found that substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) (0.3-1 microM) increased, in a concentration-dependent manner, the basal secretion of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) from cultured lymphocyte-enriched mononuclear cells isolated from human peripheral blood. SP and CGRP (0.1 microM) synergistically increased basal TNF alpha secretion. Dynorphin A((1-17)) (0.1-1 microM) did not modify basal cytokine secretion. Lipopolysaccharide (10 ng/ml)-induced cytokine secretion and [(3)H]thymidine uptake were not altered by any neuropeptide (at 0.1 microM). Thus, SP and CGRP stimulate the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from lymphocytes only at high concentrations, similar to those reached during tissue damage.

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