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J Immunol Methods. 2002 Feb 1;260(1-2):157-72.

A panel of MHC class I restricted viral peptides for use as a quality control for vaccine trial ELISPOT assays.

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  • 1The US Military HIV Research Program, Suite 200, 13 Taft Court, Rockville, MD 20851, USA.

Abstract

Vaccines in general and HIV vaccines in particular are focusing ever more on the induction of cellular immunity specifically the generation of cytotoxic T cells (CTL). As progress is made towards developing a safe and effective HIV vaccine, there is a need for a robust, sensitive and reproducible assay to evaluate vaccine-induced cellular immunogenicity in Phase II/III trials. The enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay fits these criteria and is a technology that is readily transferable and amenable to high-through-put screening. There is a need for reagents that can be used as positive controls and for optimizing and standardizing the assay. We selected a panel of 23 8-11 mer Influenza virus (Flu), Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein Barr virus (EBV) epitopes recognized by CD8 positive T cells and presented by 11 class I HLA-A and HLA-B alleles whose cumulative frequencies represent >100% of Caucasian individuals. We examined interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) secretion in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) incubated with the peptides using a modified ELISPOT assay. IFN-gamma secretion was detected in 15/17 (88%) HIV-1 seronegative and 14/20 (70%) HIV-1 seropositive individuals. Release of IFN-gamma in response to the pool of peptides was CD8+ T cell mediated and HLA restricted. In vitro stimulation of PBMC with individual peptides or the pool of peptides led to the expansion of T cells capable of killing target cells expressing the appropriate viral antigen in a CTL assay. The size, shape and appearance of the spots produced using this peptide panel provided a standard for the establishment of acceptance criteria of spots for the evaluation of ELISPOT plates using an automated reader system.

PMID:
11792386
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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