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Amyloid. 2001 Dec;8(4):231-41.

Characterization of cholyl-leu-val-phe-phe-ala-OH as an inhibitor of amyloid beta-peptide polymerization.

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Praecis Pharmaceuticals Incorporated, Waltham, MA 02451-1420, USA.


Cholyl-LVFFA-OH (1, PPI-368) is an organic-modified peptide based on the sequence of amyloid beta-peptide (A beta). It is a potent and selective inhibitor of A beta polymerization that blocks the formation of neurotoxic species of A beta. In a nucleation-dependent polymerization assay of 50 microM A beta(1-40), equimolar concentrations of PPI-368 block polymerization based on turbidity and electron microscopy. Monomeric A beta(1-40) and A beta(1-42) are non-toxic when incubated with neuronal cell lines, but become toxic during polymerization. PPI-368 coordinately delays the onset of polymerization and the formation of neurotoxic A beta species for both peptides. In a polymerization extension assay seeded with pre-formed A beta polymer, similar inhibition and dose-dependency phenomena are observed with PPI-368. Radiolabeled PPI-368 is incorporated into fibrils during polymerization demonstrating binding to A beta peptide within afibrillar structure. Gel-filtration studies show progressive disappearance of A beta monomer and concomitant appearance of soluble higher molecular weight oligomers. In the presence of submolar concentrations of PPI-368, monomeric A beta is still present and oligomers are not observed PPI-368 does not inhibit the polymerization of other amyloidogenic proteins such as transthyretin (TTR) or islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP(20-29).

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