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Oncogene. 2002 Jan 3;21(1):153-7.

Expression of prostate specific antigen (PSA) is negatively regulated by p53.

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1
Department of Molecular Biology, Lerner Research Institute, The Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, OH 44195, USA.

Abstract

Although prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is considered a uniquely important tumor marker and is broadly used for early detection of prostate cancer, the molecular mechanisms underlying its elevated expression in tumors have been unknown. By using cDNA microarray gene expression profiling, we found a fourfold increase in the PSA mRNA level in prostatic carcinoma cell line LNCaP, in which the p53 pathway was suppressed by a dominant negative p53 mutant. Consistently, p53 suppression caused a 4-8-fold increase in secretion of PSA protein in culture medium, suggesting that PSA gene expression is under negative control of p53. While wild type p53 strongly repressed, dominant negative p53 mutants stimulated PSA promoter-driven transcription and secretion of PSA in transient transfection experiments. The inhibitory effect of wild type p53 was undetectable in the presence of trichostatin A, suggesting the involvement of histone deacetylation in negative regulation of PSA promoter activity. Thus, PSA is likely to be a tissue specific indicator of transformation-associated p53 suppression in prostate cells. This finding provides a plausible explanation for a frequent increase of PSA levels in advanced prostate cancer.

PMID:
11791186
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1205001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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