Send to

Choose Destination
FASEB J. 2002 Mar;16(3):417-9. Epub 2002 Jan 14.

B-Raf/Rap1 signaling, but not c-Raf-1/Ras, induces the histidine decarboxylase promoter in Helicobacter pylori infection.

Author information

Max-Planck-Institut für Infektionsbiologie, Abt. Molekulare Biologie, Berlin, Germany.

Erratum in


Histidine decarboxylase (HDC) is the key enzyme for gastric histamine synthesis, and enhanced HDC expression is critically involved in the pathogenesis of gastric disorders, including gastroduodenal ulcer disease. We characterized the pathogenicity mechanism underlying activation of the HDC promoter in H. pylori-infected gastric epithelial cells and performed a detailed analysis of the participating signaling elements. We found that H. pylori infection of gastric epithelial cells activated the MEK1-2/ERK1-2 cascade through cAMP-dependent stimulation of Rap1 and B-Raf, but not Ras/c-Raf-1, leading to potent transactivation of the human HDC promoter. H. pylori-triggered elevation of adenylate cyclase activity was directed by GalphaS-subunits of heterotrimeric G proteins. Stimulation of this signaling cascade was triggered independent of bacterial-cell contact by a small molecular- weight component(s) (approximately 1 kDa) released by H. pylori and did not require a functional type IV secretion system. Thus, our studies demonstrate for the first time to our knowledge that the GalphaS-->cAMP-->Rap1--->B-Raf-->MEK1/2-->ERK1/2 pathway is critical for H. pylori-dependent epithelial gene regulation, which can be induced via a bioactive component(s) apart from the site of bacterial colonization. These results further elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying interaction of H. pylori with gastric epithelial cells and help to define potential molecular targets for therapeutic interventions in the context of H. pylori-related gastric diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center