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Nat Neurosci. 2002 Feb;5(2):95-6.

Neurofibromin regulates G protein-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity.

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Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, PO Box 100, Cold Spring Harbor, New York 11724, USA.


Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a dominant genetic disorder characterized by multiple benign and malignant nervous system tumors, and by learning defects in 45% of children with NF1 mutations. Studies of neurofibromin, the protein encoded by NF1, have focused on its functions in tumorigenesis and regulation of Ras activity; however, Drosophila NF1 regulates both Ras and cyclic AMP (cAMP) pathways. Expression of a human NF1 transgene rescued cAMP-related phenotypes in NF1 mutant flies (small body size and G protein-stimulated adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity defects), and neuropeptide- and G protein-stimulated AC activity were lower in Nf1-/- as compared to Nf1+/- mouse brains, demonstrating that neurofibromin regulates AC activity in both mammals and flies.

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