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Cell Biol Toxicol. 2001;17(6):395-408.

Prevention of organochlorine-induced inhibition of gap junctional communication by chaetoglobosin K in astrocytes.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mercer University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. matesic.df@mercer.edu

Abstract

Innumerable toxic substances present in the environment inhibit gap junctions, intercellular membrane channels that play fundamental roles in coordinated function of cells and tissues. Included are persistent organochlorine compounds, which pose health risks to humans and animals owing to their widespread use, bioaccumulation, and ability to inhibit gap junction channel-mediated intercellular communication in liver, lung, skin, heart, and brain cells. In this study, the organochlorine xenobiotics dieldrin and endosulfan, at micromolar concentrations, were found to inhibit gap junction-mediated intercellular communication and induce hypophosphorylation of connexin 43 in cultured rat astrocytes, the predominant cell type in the brain coupled through gap junctions. This inhibition of gap junctional communication was substantially reduced by preincubation with chaetoglobosin K (ChK), a bioactive natural produce previously shown to have ras tumor suppressor activity. Chaetoglobosin K also prevented dieldrin and endosulfan-induced hypophosphorylation of connexin 43 and prevented dieldrin-induced connexin 43 plaque dissolution in both astrocytes and cultured liver epithelial cells. The results suggest that stabilization of the native, phosphorylated form of connexin 43 by ChK may contribute to its ability to prevent organochlorine-induced inhibition of gap junction-mediated communication and dissolution of gap junction plaques within the plasma membrane.

PMID:
11787861
DOI:
10.1023/a:1013752717500
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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