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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2002 Jan 2;206(1):25-30.

Studies on the production of quorum-sensing signal molecules in Mannheimia haemolytica A1 and other Pasteurellaceae species.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Guelph, N1G 2W1, Guelph, ON, Canada.


The bioluminescence assay system using Vibrio harveyi reporter strains were used to examine quorum-sensing autoinducer (AI) activity from Mannheimia haemolytica A1 cell-free culture supernatant. We showed that M. haemolytica A1 cell-free culture supernatant contains molecules that can stimulate the quorum-sensing system that regulates the expression of the luciferase operon in V. harveyi. Specifically, M. haemolytica A1 can stimulate only the quorum system 2 but not system 1, suggesting that the culture supernatant only contains molecules similar to AI-2 of V. harveyi. The bioluminescence assay was also used to show that culture supernatants from related Pasteurellaceae organisms, Pasteurella multocida, Pasteurella trehalosi, Actinobacillus suis and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, also contain AI-2-like molecules. This is consistent with the presence of a luxS homolog in the genomes of P. multocida and A. pleuropneumoniae. A luxS homolog was cloned by PCR from M. haemolytica A1 using sequencing data from the ongoing genome sequencing project. The cloned luxS(M.h.) was able to complement AI-2 production in the Escherichia coli DH5alpha luxS mutant. This is the first report of a quorum-sensing activity in M. haemolytica A1 and suggests that this bacterium utilizes this mechanism to regulate expression of genes under specific conditions.

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