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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jan 18;290(2):824-9.

Transport of L-Lactate, D-Lactate, and glycolate by the LldP and GlcA membrane carriers of Escherichia coli.

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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Barcelona, Avenida Diagonal 643, Barcelona, 08028, Spain.


To examine the substrate specificity of the membrane transport carriers LldP (L-lactate permease) and GlcA (glycolate permease) of Escherichia coli, a mutant strain lacking their structural genes and blocked in the metabolism of the tested substrates was constructed and transformed with a plasmid bearing either the lldP or the glcA gene. Each transformant acquired the ability to accumulate L-lactate, D-lactate, and glycolate against a high concentration gradient. Substrate accumulation was inhibited by carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, a hydrophobic proton conductor that dissipates proton motive force. Competition of (14)C-L-lactate transport by nonradioactive L-lactate, D-lactate, and glycolate in LldP synthesizing cells and competition of (14)C-glycolate transport by the same three substrates in GlcA synthesizing cells showed that both carriers effectively transported all three substrates with a K(i) value ranging from 10 to 20 microM. D-Lactate does not appear to have a permease of its own. Utilization of the compound depends mainly on LldP.

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