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Genetika. 2001 Dec;37(12):1725-8.

[Aluminum induces chromosome aberrations in wheat root meristem cells].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

1
Department of Ecology, Obninsk Institute of Nuclear Power Engineering, Obninsk, 249020 Russia.

Abstract

The yield and pattern of chromosome structure aberrations in wheat seedlings treated with aluminum nitrate and aluminum sulfate at various concentrations have been determined by the anaphase method. Aluminum has a genotoxic effect causing genome, chromatid, and chromosome aberrations in apical root meristem cells. The relationship between the total yield of structural mutations and the aluminum concentration follows a bell-shaped curve. The mutagenic activity of aluminum nitrate peaks at 10(-3) mg/ml, which is twice as high as the permissible concentration limit (PCL) of aluminum in potable water. The maximum of the mutagenic activity of aluminum sulfate is observed at 5 x 10(-4) mg/ml, i.e., one PCL. Tap water boiled for 2 h in an aluminum vessel has virtually no genotoxic effect on wheat cells.

PMID:
11785303
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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