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Bioessays. 2002 Jan;24(1):91-8.

The intestinal epithelial stem cell.

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School of Biological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.


This article considers the role of the adult epithelial stem cell, with particular reference to the intestinal epithelial stem cell. Although the potential of adult stem cells has been revealed in a number of recent publications, the organization and control of the stem cell hierarchy in epithelial tissues is still not fully understood. The intestinal epithelium is an excellent model in which to study such hierarchies, having a distinctive polarity and high rate of cell proliferation and migration. Studies on the small intestinal crypt provide insight into the characteristics of the stem cells in normal and regenerating circumstances and demonstrate why a thorough understanding of these cells is an essential pre-requisite for stem cell based therapeutic approaches.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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