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Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2002 Jan;83(1):19-23.

Oral creatine supplementation enhances upper extremity work capacity in persons with cervical-level spinal cord injury.

Author information

1
Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33136, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effects of short-term creatine monohydrate supplementation on the upper extremity work capacity of persons with cervical-level spinal cord injury (SCI).

DESIGN:

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design study. Consists of 2 treatment phases lasting for 7 days, separated by a 21-day washout period.

SETTING:

University research laboratory trial.

PARTICIPANTS:

Sixteen men with complete cervical-level SCI (C5-7).

INTERVENTION:

Subjects were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups and received either 20g/d of creatine monohydrate supplement powder or placebo maltodextrin powder for the first treatment phase; the treatment was reversed in the second phase. Incremental peak arm ergometry tests, using 2-minute work stages and 1-minute recovery periods, were performed immediately before and after each treatment phase (total of 4 assessments). The initial stage was performed unloaded, with power output progressively increased 10 watts/stage until subjects had achieved volitional exhaustion.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Peak power output, time to fatigue, heart rate, and metabolic measurements, including oxygen uptake (VO2), minute ventilation, tidal volume (VT), and respiration frequency.

RESULTS:

Significantly greater values of VO2, VCO2, and VT at peak effort after creatine supplementation (P <.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Creatine supplementation enhances the exercise capacity in persons with complete cervical-level SCI and may promote greater exercise training benefits.

PMID:
11782827
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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