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Crit Care Med. 2002 Jan;30(1 Suppl):S58-63.

Interleukin-10: a complex role in the pathogenesis of sepsis syndromes and its potential as an anti-inflammatory drug.

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Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, USA.


Interleukin (IL)-10 is a pleiotropic cytokine produced by both T cells and macrophages and possesses both anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. IL-10 circulates in the blood of patients with sepsis syndromes, and increased concentrations of IL-10 have been associated with an adverse clinical outcome. Experimental studies in rodents and primates have demonstrated that endogenously produced and exogenously administered IL-10 can reduce the magnitude of the inflammatory response and improve outcome, primarily in models of endotoxemic and bacteremic shock. However, endogenous IL-10 production and systemic administration can also exacerbate T-cell dysfunction, decrease T-cell apoptosis, reduce antimicrobial function, and increase mortality in other less acute bacterial models of sepsis or after thermal injury. Targeted delivery of IL-10 to individual tissues may obviate the adverse effects of systemic delivery. The potential anti-inflammatory properties of IL-10 will have to be carefully weighed against its immunosuppressive properties when considering its use in patients with acute inflammation and sepsis syndromes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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