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Microb Pathog. 2002 Jan;32(1):27-34.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa-induced lung injury: role of oxidative stress.

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Biomedical Sciences Section, Defence and Civil Institute of Environmental Medicine, Toronto, Ontario, Ontario M3M 3B9, Canada.


Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative pathogen that can cause lung injury in immunocompromised patients, primarily by inducing a release of host-derived mediators responsible for the influx of phagocytes to the lung. These phagocytes exert their antimicrobial actions by releasing toxic metabolites, including reactive oxygen species and proteases, which can also cause cell injury. This study was carried out to assess the pulmonary oxidant-antioxidant status of male adult Sprague-Dawley rats infected with different numbers of P. aeruginosa (10(4)-10(7)cfu/animal). Intratracheal instillation of P. aeruginosa resulted in lung injury, as evidenced by increases in wet lung weight and decreases in the lung activities of angiotensin converting enzyme and alkaline phosphatase, enzymes localized primarily in pulmonary endothelial and alveolar type II epithelial cells, respectively. The P. aeruginosa -induced lung injury was directly related to the infiltration of neutrophils, as indicated by increases in myeloperoxidase activity. The challenge of animals with P. aeruginosa resulted in increases in lipid peroxidation and decreases in glutathione content, which were associated with the indices of lung injury and neutrophil infiltration. Such a challenge also resulted in weakening the antioxidant defence system, as evidenced by decreases in superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase activities. These data suggest that changes in the pulmonary oxidant-antioxidant status may play an important role in the P. aeruginosa -induced lung injury.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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