Send to

Choose Destination
J Orthop Res. 2001 Nov;19(6):1192-8.

Three-dimensional analysis of shoulder girdle and supraspinatus motion patterns in patients with impingement syndrome.

Author information

Orthopaedic Department, University of Frankfurt, Germany.


Alterations of the shoulder girdle motion have been suggested to be associated with shoulder disorders. The objective of this study was to perform a three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis of the supraspinatus muscle and shoulder girdle in patients with different stages of impingement syndrome. 20 patients with unilateral impingement and 14 normal controls were investigated at 30 degrees, 90 degrees, and 120 degrees of abduction with and without abducting muscle activity. The spatial relationship between the shoulder girdle elements and the supraspinatus was quantified from open MRI data. No significant alterations in glenoid rotation were observed between the patients and asymptomatic volunteers. However, while in the healthy volunteers the values showed a normal distribution (28.5+/-3.6 degrees at 90 degrees abduction with muscle activity), the patients (30.5 degrees+/-9.7 degrees) contained a subset of five individuals with an obvious increase in glenoid rotation angle (>40 degrees) compared with controls (>2.5 standard deviations higher than the mean) and with the healthy contralateral side. These five patients also displayed alterations in the scapulo-humeral rhythm and supraspinatus motion, but not in clavicular position. The study shows that only a specific subset of patients with impingement syndrome demonstrates complex changes in shoulder girdle and supraspinatus motion patterns, suggesting that this subset may benefit from an alternative type of treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center