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Chin Med J (Engl). 2001 Jan;114(1):93-6.

Endocytic routes of exogenous antigen in murine dendritic cells and macrophages.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To compare the endocytic routes of exogenous antigen between murine dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages (M phi s).

METHODS:

Murine bone marrow-derived DCs and peritoneal M phi s were pulsed with horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-5 nm colloidal gold for 10 minutes, then grouped and chased for 0-120 minutes in culture medium. Intracellular distribution of 5 nm colloidal gold was explored by means of the cellular enzymatic-chemistry of acid phosphatase and MHC II immuno-cytochemistry under electron microscope.

RESULTS:

After 10 minutes of pulse with HRP-5 nm colloidal gold and 30 minutes of chase, most HRP-5 nm gold particles internalized by DCs entered into MHC class II compartments (M II Cs), and a small portion entered into acid phosphatase-positive lysosomes. In contrast to DCs, most M phi s lysosomes were accessed by HRP-5 nm gold particles, and a small portion of HRP-5 nm gold particles entered into M II Cs. After 60 minutes of chase, 5 nm gold particles could hardly be seen within M phi s, whereas most 5 nm gold particles were still retained in DCs.

CONCLUSIONS:

The endocytic route of exogenous antigen in DCs seems to be different from that in M phi s. Antigens taken by M phi s mainly enter into lysosomes within 30 minutes. In the case of DCs, most internalized antigens enter into M II Cs, which may be related to their unique antigen-presenting function. In addition, M phi s seem to have more powerful capacity to scavenge exogenous antigen than DCs.

PMID:
11779447
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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