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Hum Gene Ther. 2002 Jan 1;13(1):143-54.

Lethal toxicity, severe endothelial injury, and a threshold effect with high doses of an adenoviral vector in baboons.

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Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.


The effects of intravenous administration of a first-generation adenoviral vector expressing beta-galactosidase were compared in two baboons receiving a high dose or lower dose of vector, 1.2 x 10(13) or 1.2 x 10(12) particles/kg, respectively. The high-dose baboon developed acute symptoms, decreased platelet counts, and increased liver enzymes, and became moribund at 48 hr after injection, while the lower-dose baboon developed no symptoms. Expression of the beta-galactosidase transgene was prominent in liver, spleen, and endothelium of the arterial vasculature in the high-dose baboon, but was much more limited and spared the endothelium in the lower-dose baboon. Injury to the vascular endothelium was the most prominent abnormality in the high-dose baboon. Extensive histological studies provide a detailed picture of the pathology associated with a lethal dose of first-generation adenoviral vector in a primate.

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