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Anal Biochem. 2002 Jan 15;300(2):163-9.

A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry method to measure stable isotopic tracer enrichments of glycerol and glucose in human serum.

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U.S. Clinical Pharmacology Unit, GlaxoSmithKline, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


Stable isotopes are commonly used as tracers for the measurement of glycerol and glucose kinetics in metabolic studies. Traditionally, the analysis of these isotopes has been performed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, which requires that the analytes first be derivatized. The derivatization process adds considerable complexity to the method. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LCMS) can measure many metabolites directly with limited sample preparation. We present a novel analytical method for the measurement of [1,1,2,3,3-(2)H(5)]glycerol (d(5)-glycerol) and [6,6-(2)H(2)]glucose (d(2)-glucose) isotopic tracer enrichments in human serum in a single run by LCMS. After a simple extraction step, the sample is separated isocratically by HPLC, and the isotopes are measured using positive electrospray ionization with selected ion monitoring of the sodium-adduct ions. The method is linear over a wide range of d(2)-glucose and d(5)-glycerol enrichments. The within-day standard deviation of measurement of serum samples was 0.05 mole% excess (MPE) for d(2)-glucose and 0.25 MPE for d(5)-glycerol. The variation of tracer enrichment among days was about double that measured within 1 day.

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