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Ther Apher. 2001 Oct;5(5):417-22.

Improvement of multiple organ functions in hepatorenal syndrome during albumin dialysis with the molecular adsorbent recirculating system.

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1
Department of Medicine, University of Rostock, Germany. steffen.mitzner@med.uni-rostock.de

Abstract

Recently, significant improvement of renal function and prolongation of survival were reported in hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) patients treated with the Molecular Adsorbent Recirculating System (MARS). As no impact on extrarenal organ function was documented, this trial looked into multiple organ function changes during MARS in HRS patients. Eight HRS patients (4 male, mean age 42.1 years, range 30-58, all United Network for Organ Sharing [UNOS] status 2A) were treated intermittendly 4-14 times (total 47, mean 5.9 +/- 3.4) between 4 and 8 h/single treatment. The following changes were observed pre- and posttreatment: bilirubin 466 +/- 146 to 284 +/- 134 micromol/L, creatinine 380 +/- 182 to 163 +/- 119 micromol/L, urea 26.4 +/- 10.3 to 12.9 +/- 4.9 mmol/L, plasma sodium 127.5 +/- 7.7 to 137.5 +/- 4.8 mmol/L (all p < 0.01). Mean arterial pressure (MAP) increased from 71.9 +/- 12.8 to 95.6 +/- 7.8 Torr (p < 0.001). Oliguria or anuria, present in all patients, was successfully reverted. Ascites, present in all patients, was not detectable after the treatment period. The hepatic encephalopathy grade decreased from 2.8 +/- 0.8 to 0.8 +/- 0.7 (p < 0.0001). Child-Index decreased from 13.25 +/- 1.3 to 9.4 +/- 1.8 (p < 0.001). The hospital survival rate was 62%. One man underwent successful liver transplantation 18 months after the treatment. We conclude that MARS can improve multiple organ functions in patients with HRS.

PMID:
11778928
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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