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Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am. 2001 Dec;13(4):587-604.

Translating research into practice. Considerations for critical care investigators.

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Department of Nursing Services and Patient Care, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.


Experimental multisite studies are needed to test adoption interventions that promote use of evidence-based guidelines in critical care practice. A research model (see Fig. 2) based on Rogers' diffusion of innovation model provides a conceptual guide for selecting interventions to test in translational research studies. Studies should address the four major areas of innovation adoption: (1) characteristics of the guideline, (2) users of the guideline, (3) methods of communicating the guideline, and (4) the social system in which it is being adopted. It is imperative that researchers study which interventions are most effective in promoting use of critical care evidence-based practices by nurses and physicians and how the social system of critical care environments affects adoption of such practices. Without this empiric knowledge, health care systems have little guidance in how to most effectively promote adoption of scientific evidence to improve care of critically ill patients.

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