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Transfusion. 2001 Dec;41(12):1515-23.

The effect of the transfusion of stored RBCs on intestinal microvascular oxygenation in the rat.

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1
Department of Anesthesiology, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although it is known that the transfusion of stored RBCs does not always improve tissue O(2) consumption under conditions of limited tissue oxygenation, the efficiency of O(2) delivery to the microcirculation by stored RBCs has never been determined.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

In a rat hemorrhagic shock model, the effects of resuscitation with fresh or 28-day-old RBCs stored in CPD plasma, saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol, and CPDA-1 plasma were investigated. Systemic hemodynamic and intestinal oxygenation measures were monitored. Intestinal microvascular PO(2) was determined with the O(2)-dependent quenching of palladium-porphyrin phosphorescence, and the RBC deformability was measured with a Laser-assisted optic rotational cell analyzer.

RESULTS:

Hemodynamic and oxygenation measures were significantly decreased during hemorrhagic shock. Intestinal oxygen consumption and mesenteric venous pO(2) were restored with the transfusion of both fresh and stored RBCs, except for CPD-stored RBCs. The intestinal microvascular pO(2) improved only with the transfusion of fresh RBCs. Deformability of the stored RBCs was significantly decreased.

CONCLUSION:

In contrast to that of fresh RBCs, the transfusion of stored RBCs did not restore the microcirculatory oxygenation, possibly because of impaired O(2) unloading, but, except for CPD-stored RBCs, the storage-induced changes were not enough to impair intestinal VO(2) and mesenteric venous pO(2).

PMID:
11778066
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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