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Br J Radiol. 2001 Dec;74(888):1091-6.

Catheter angiography and angioplasty in patients with scleroderma.

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Department of Radiology, Royal Free Hospital, Pond Street, London NW3 2QG, UK.


The objectives of this study were (i) to identify patterns of angiographic disease in scleroderma patients with and without other vascular risk factors and (ii) to define patients with scleroderma in whom angiography and angioplasty is useful. The records of 26 patients with scleroderma who underwent angiography and angioplasty over an 8-year period were reviewed. Angiographic disease patterns were assessed using a modified Brewster classification. Angiography of the upper limb demonstrated distal disease alone in 86% of patients, both with and without other vascular risk factors such as smoking. In the lower limb there was a highly significant association between the presence of other vascular risk factors and macrovascular disease potentially amenable to angioplasty, and conversely between the absence of other vascular risk factors and distal disease in the lower limb. Good early but poor late clinical results were achieved in three of five patients who underwent angioplasty. Angiography of the upper limb is likely to demonstrate distal disease alone, and angiography and angioplasty of the lower limb may be useful only if other vascular risk factors are present.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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