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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2001 Dec;21(4):185-92.

Effectiveness of a stand-alone aftercare program for drug-involved offenders.

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  • 1University of North Carolina at Wilmington, Wilmington, NC, USA.


A study was made of the effectiveness of an aftercare program operating in conjunction with area outpatient drug free treatment programs while organizationally independent of those programs. Parolees and probationers mandated to treatment were assigned to aftercare on the basis of residence in the catchment areas in which aftercare facilities were located (n = 32) and randomly to aftercare (n = 62) and control (n = 51) when not a resident in a catchment area. No outcome differences were found between aftercare groups based on proximity to facility. At 6 months postbaseline the combined aftercare group showed significantly lower levels of criminal activity and frequent drug use as compared to controls. At 12 months postbaseline there was an attenuation of group differences with only tendencies toward significance obtained for lower levels of frequent drug use by the aftercare group. The findings are discussed in terms of the relevance of community variables for programming and for understanding long-term treatment outcomes.

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