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Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Jan;99(1):41-4.

Interdelivery interval and the success of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery.

Author information

  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of California, Irvine, California, USA. wakamanmd@aol.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether a short interdelivery interval is associated with decreased rate of successful vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC).

METHODS:

A retrospective cohort study from January 1, 1997, to December 31, 2000, was conducted. Patients with previous cesarean delivery who attempted VBAC were identified. The analysis was limited to patients at term with one prior cesarean. The interdelivery interval was calculated in months between the index pregnancy and prior cesarean delivery.

RESULTS:

A total of 1516 subjects who attempted VBAC were identified among 24,162 deliveries, with complete data available in 1185 cases. The VBAC success rate was 79.0% for patients with an interdelivery interval less than 19 months compared with 85.5% for patients with an interval delivery greater than or equal to 19 months (P =.12). For patients whose labors were induced, interdelivery intervals of less than 19 months were associated with a decreased rate of VBAC success when compared with longer intervals (P <.01). Sufficient power (beta =.95) existed to detect a 64% difference between the groups (alpha =.05). No significant difference was detected in women who underwent spontaneous labor (P =.98). There was no difference in the rate of symptomatic uterine rupture (P = 1.00).

CONCLUSION:

Interdelivery intervals of less than 19 months were associated with a decreased rate of VBAC success in patients who underwent induction, a difference not found in those with spontaneous labor.

PMID:
11777508
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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