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Am J Reprod Immunol. 2001 Dec;46(6):420-4.

Protective vaccination against genital herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection in mice is associated with a rapid induction of local IFN-gamma-dependent RANTES production following a vaginal viral challenge.

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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Göteborg University, Sweden.



To investigate the production of the CC chemokines RANTES. MCP-1, and MlP-1alpha in the vaginal mucosa following HSV-2 challenge in vaccinated and unvaccinated mice.


The concentrations of the chemokines were determined in the vagina of HSV-2-vaccinated as well as unvaccinated mice after HSV-2 challenge using a PERFEXT method combined with ELISA.


HSV-2 infection did not induce any measurable levels of MIP-1alpha, whereas high levels of RANTES and MCP-1 were detected in unvaccinated animals at 48 hr post challenge. The vaccinated mice developed a more rapid induction of RANTES, but not of MCP-1, appearing as early as 24 hr post challenge. The local induction of RANTES production was preceded by a vaginal IFN-gamma response. Furthermore, vaccinated IFN-gamma-/- mice did not produce any enhanced levels of RANTES following HSV-2 challenge.


The protective immune response against genital HSV-2 infection is associated with a rapid induction of local IFN-gamma-dependent RANTES production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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