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Int J Sports Med. 2002 Jan;23(1):33-9.

The effect of concurrent endurance and strength training on quantitative estimates of subsarcolemmal and intermyofibrillar mitochondria.

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1
Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, University of Alberta, Edmonton Alberta, Canada. chilibec@duke.usask.ca

Abstract

We examined the effect of combined strength and endurance training on quantitative estimates of mitochondria in subsarcolemmal and intermyofibrillar regions of muscle fibers. Ten subjects (five males, five females) participated in a 12 week program of combined strength and endurance training. Seven subjects (three males and four females) served as controls. Biopsy samples from the vastus lateralis were obtained before and after training in both groups and also at the mid-point of training in the exercise group. Measurement of succinate dehydrogenase activity throughout muscle fibers, as a quantitative estimate of mitochondrial subpopulations, revealed no differences between exercise and control groups before and after training. Within the exercise group, there was a significant increase in succinate dehydrogenase activity in all regions of muscle fibers from before to after training. There was also a significant increase in succinate dehydrogenase activity in the subsarcolemmal, relative to the intermyofibrillar region from mid-(six weeks) to after-training ( regional distribution x time; p < 0.05). This may have been associated with an oxidative shift in fiber types, as type I fiber percentage was increased in the exercise, compared to the control group (group x time; p < 0.05). We conclude that mitochondrial populations undergo differential changes throughout training. IMF mitochondria increase in a linear manner throughout training, while SS mitochondria undergo a preferential increase late in training. This increase late in training may be related to an increase in proportion of type I fibers.

PMID:
11774064
DOI:
10.1055/s-2002-19269
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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