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Apoptosis. 2002 Feb;7(1):23-9.

Expression of survivin mRNA and protein in gastric cancer cell line (MKN-45) during cisplatin treatment.

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First Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan.


Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family. Survivin has been reported to be expressed in many cancers, but not in differentiated normal tissue. Recent studies revealed that survivin correlated with the chemo-resitance of cancer cells. In the present study, the changes in expression levels of survivin messenger RNA (mRNA) and survivin protein in a gastric cancer cell line (MKN-45) during cisplatin (CDDP) treatment were analyzed and compared with the occurrence of apoptotic cell death. Cell growth was inhibited even with a low dose CDDP (0.1 or 1 microg/ml) 1 hr treatment. However, the percentage of apoptotic cells did not change after 48 hr incubation with low dose CDDP. Only with high dose CDDP (10 microg/ml), did the percentage of apoptotic cells explosively increase between 12 and 24 hr treatment. Relative expression levels of survivin mRNA and survivin protein increased after CDDP treatment. The cell expression rates of survivin mRNA after 48 hr treatment with 0.1 and 1 microg/ml of CDDP were 2 to 6 fold higher than that of the survivin mRNA of untreated cells. Also, the relative cell expression level of survivin protein after 24 hr treatment with 0.1 or 1 microg/ml of CDDP was 3 to 6.5 fold higher than that of the survivin protein of untreated cells. These results indicate that survivin expression may correlate with the chemo-resistance of malignant cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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