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Circulation. 2002 Jan 1;105(1):112-7.

Analysis of mural cell recruitment to tumor vessels.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Tumor blood vessels are both structurally and functionally abnormal compared with normal vessels. A limited support of mural cells may contribute to these abnormalities. Here, we characterized mural cell recruitment in 2 mouse tumor models and addressed the question of why tumor vessels fail to recruit a proper coat of mural cells.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We studied mural cell recruitment to the vasculature of 2 transplantable mouse tumor models, T241 fibrosarcoma and KRIB osteosarcoma. We found that both tumors formed a vessel network with heterogeneous and highly abnormal organization of mural cells. Transplantation of tumors to mice expressing lacZ in mural cells demonstrated that these cells were host-derived. Although tumor vessel endothelium expressed PDGF-B, an embryonic mitogen for mural cells, only very few PDGFRbeta-positive cells were found to be associated with the developing tumor vasculature, suggesting a limited pool of recruitable mural cells. We tested whether exogenous mural cells could be recruited to tumor vessels by injecting mixtures of T241 tumor cells and embryonic mesenchymal cells isolated from mice expressing lacZ in mural cells. In the tumors that arose, lacZ-positive cells were efficiently recruited to the tumor vessels.

CONCLUSIONS:

T241 and KRIB tumors show a similar highly abnormal organization of vessel-associated mural cells. T241 tumor vessels seem highly capable of recruiting exogenously added mural cells. The sparse mural cell coat of tumor vessels may result from a limited pool of mural cells available for recruitment.

PMID:
11772885
DOI:
10.1161/hc0102.101437
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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